Bhaktapur

Bhaktapur Durbar Square - a world heritage site located 5 mins walk east from Krishna House

 The medieval town of Bhaktapur is located 10 km east of Tribhuvan International airport, about 20 = 30 mins of driving time. The weather is usually sunny and pleasant.Sub-tropical, temperate and cool-temperate climatic conditions influence the weather of Bhaktapur. The temperature here ranges in between average of  16 - 32 degree celsius from March to August  and 6 = 24 degree celsius from September to February.

Brief history of Bhaktapur

Bhairav temple in Taumadhi Square - a world heritage site located 5 mins walk east from Krishna House

History relates that Bhaktapur was built in 12 th AD by the King Ananda Dev Malla. To establish the city he had 12000 houses built. The city was divided into 24 different localities called "twa" in local Newari language. From Benares goddess Annapurna Devi = provider of food = was beckoned and a palace was built where images of Nava Durgas were installed. To protect the city temples dedicated to eight Asthamatrika were placed at eight geometrical angles. Goddesses Brahmayani, Maheswori, Kumari, Bhadrakali, Barahi, Indrayani, Mahakali and Mahakali comprise Asthamatrika. King Ananda Malla also founded the towns of Banepa, Khadpu, Panauti, Sanga, Dhulikhel, Chaukot, and Nala, seven of them altogether. He went onwards to settle sixty more villages as well. The city of Bhaktapur is believed to be the focal point of royalty then. Capital of the Malla dynasty Bhaktapur was the centralization of culture and religion. The name of the city was initiated as "Bhaktagrama" in 1134 A.D. In Newari the name of the city is "Khopa", which according to the linguist Kamal Malla is acquired from "Khoprn" a Tibeto-Burman term meaning river and field. For definite Bhaktapur abounds with life sustaining rivers and fertile fields. 'Taleju' the patron goddess of the Malla dynasty was brought to Bhaktapur by the King Harishimhadeva. According to the chronicles, King Harishimhadeva of Maitili entered Katmandu valley in exile. He conquered Bhaktapur and installed Taleju, the goddess of his ancestry in the royal palace. Goddess Taleju became the lineage goddess of Malla kings.

Major attractions in Bhaktapur

1. 'Laaku' the Durbar square

Bhaktapur Durbar Square - a world heritage site located 5 mins walk east from Krishna House

"Were there nothing else in Nepal, save the Durbar Square of Bhatgaon (Bhaktapur), it would still be amply worth making a journey halfway around the globe to see."

Powell ‘The Last Home of Mystery, 1929, London"

The world heritage site of Bhaktapur Durbar Square used to be the palatial area of Malla dynasty from 16th to 18th AD.The palace of 55 windows,golden gate and temples enhance this world heritage site as one of the major attractions in Bhaktapur.

 

2. Taumadhi square

Nyatapola temple in Taumadhi Square - a world heritage site located 5 mins walk east from Krishna House

A short walk towards southeast from the Durbar square leads to Taumadhi square. Taumadhi is one of the main heritage areas inside Bhaktapur city.Nyatapola, the five storied temple, 18th AD and Bhairavnath temple,16th AD dominate the square.

3. Dattatreya square

Dattatreya Square - a heritage site located 15 mins walk east from Krishna House

Lord Dattatreya is the unique embodiment of the holy trinity Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswor in a single body. The temple of Dattreya is located at Dattatreya square, an important heritage site located in the eastern part of Bhaktapur. The temple was built in 1427 A. D. by the king Yaksa Malla but the present structure is from time of the King Vishwa Malla, 1458 A. D. A figure of Lord Dattatreya is placed inside the inner sanctum of the temple. Like the legend of Kasthamandap in Kathmandu the belief is the wood for the temple came from a single tree runk.

 

4. 'Talako' the pottery square

Pottery Square - a handicraft site located 5 mins walk east from Krishna House

Pottery, an ancient craft practiced in Bhaktapur is one of the living cultural heritage of this medieval city. At 'Talako' the pottery square the art of pottery is displayed with expertise handed down as family trade from one generation to another for centuries.

The earthen artifacts created on potter's wheel are mostly utensils used for religious, cultural and daily purposes. To make their wares the potters use black clay, a special type of clay dug from the fields around Bhaktapur. The clay mixed with sand and water is molded and placed at the center of the potter's wooden wheel. The potter uses a stick to rotate the wheel to an ideal speed so that he can use his both hands to create his crafts, which are later dried out in sun and ultimately put inside traditional oven to bake them ready for use.

5. "Bihars" The Buddhist courtyards

Kuthu vahi - a buddhist monastery couple of minutes of walk  east of Krishna House

Religiously Nepal is unique in the sense that Hindus and Buddhists live in Harmony. Newars, the original residents of Kathmandu valley exemplify the synchronization of life style of Hindus and Buddhists.

In Bhaktapur Kuthu vahi, Jhaur vahi, Chatu Brahma vihar, Muni vihar and Prasannasil vihar  are among the well known buddhist monasteries.

 

6. Backstreets of Bhaktapur

People of Bhaktapur live inside homes built in the backstreets, where you will find life of Bhaktapur. Here, people socialize, enjoy festivals just as they have been doing for generations. Visitors have remarked that exploring the alleys of Bhaktapur is like going back in time or like being in a living museum.

 

7. Wood carvings

Nationally and internationally wood carvers of Bhaktapur are famous for their skill in wood carving. As you walk around the town you will see fine work of wood carving everywhere; on windows and doorways of homes, temples and struts holding the roofs. Wood carving remains one of the major attractions of Bhaktapur.

 

8. "Lho hiti" the water Spouts

Water spouts are carved out of stones. As fine work of art they are beautiful to observe.In Bhaktapur the oldest water spout evident dates back to Lichhavi period i.e. before 12th AD.In the old days drinking water used to flow from these artifacts. These water spouts are found in sunken courtyards at different places inside Bhaktapur.

 

9. Ponds

Na pukhu - 2 mins of walk from Krishna House

There are 33 ponds in the town of Bhaktapur built during the Malla reign.Since the houses inside the town are clustered the basic purpose of these ponds is to make water available in case of fire.Siddha pokhari, na pukhu, Bhajya pukhu, Nag pukhu, Khachha are well known for their historical background.

 

 

10. Falicha -  sheltors 

Throughout the streets of Bhaktapur one will find sheltors either on the ground floors of houses  or as single storey buiidings. These sheltors known as 'falichas' are usuaslly open at three sides. The houses or the roofs above them are supported by wood carved pillars. In the evenings, holidays and festivals these falichas are commonly used for resting and socializing. 

Dashain Festival: Most important festival of Nepal: Celebration of rise of good

(September 28 - 30, 2017)

Dashain is the most important of all the Hindu festivals. For two weeks, Nepalis celebrate it as the main religious and social festival. People rejoice by visiting relatives, family get together, lavish feasts and receiving gifts. Above all people in general go to shrines dedicated to Goddess of power, Durga to pay their respects.

Read More 

Krishna Mandir at Patan Durbar Square

Testimonials